You would have read news about the leak in Aadhaar Database wherein the news channels claimed that the Aadhaar database was available for sale for as low as Rs 500. This was certainly a matter of concern for each and every citizen of India as the Aadhaar has all their personal information along with biometric data. During the same time, some of the best brains of the country got together to deal with the problem and they came up with a solution. The solution of every problem related to privacy of Aadhaar is Virtual ID.
Let us get into the details of Aadhaar Virtual ID so as to understand how it works.
What is Virtual ID?
Virtual ID is basically a temporary 16 digit number which would be randomly generated by the system you would be able to use this number in place of the 12 digit Aadhaar number. Until now, you share your Aadhaar details for the validation of new account in banks and other financial institutes but this practice would end as the Virtual ID would be used instead of the Aadhaar number.
To understand it better, let us take an example. You would have certainly used a virtual debit card to do an online transaction. This virtual debit card is a debit card which is created for a short duration of time and this new card is present only virtually. The card can be used for transactions and after a few hours, the card details are dissolved automatically. Similarly, Virtual ID would be the replacement of Aadhaar which can be used by anyone on a temporary basis. This would mitigate the risk of information leak.
How will Virtual ID work?
A lot of people have this question in their mind and here is the description of how the virtual ID will actually work.
- Virtual ID would be using Verhoeff Algorithm and this algorithm would be responsible for generating unique virtual ID in lieu of Aadhaar Numbers.
- The Virtual ID once generated will be linked with the Aadhaar number in the background and the authentication process will be similar to that of Aadhaar card.
- The Virtual ID is going to be temporary and it will expire after a certain time limit that is pre-set by the UIDAI. So each time during the KYC process, the customer can get a new Virtual ID. This will ensure that the vendor is not able to replicate the details of Aadhaar card.
- It should also be noted that the Aadhaar holder will only be able to generate the Virtual ID and in addition to this, there will be a minimum validity period for the Virtual ID. However, it can be changed as and when required.
- It was notified by the government that there would be multiple ways to create a Virtual ID and the system will soon be made available after the successful implementation and testing in the background.
These were all the details about the virtual ID and we are expecting the system to be available for public use in next few months. The Virtual ID is certainly a great step towards the protection of data.